Work of the director in modern theater
The director’s work is very similar to God’s work, so there is a big risk of playing. The process of uniqueness of creativity is very important in this business.
Director (French régisseur, from Latin rego – manage) – creative worker of spectacular arts (theater, cinema, television, circus, stage). The director performs the play (stage, opera, ballet, concert or circus program) on the stage. In contemporary spectacular arts, he is often called director or director. A director who guides the creative work of the entire theater (or other entertainment group) is called the lead director.
The director’s functions in the contemporary theater are extremely large and diverse: he carries out the whole complex of works on the organization of both the creative and the technical process of preparing a performance or program.
The first stage of the director’s work on the play – the birth of a general plan and the creation of a stage version of the play (often – with the playwright). After this, the director forms a staging group, determining the nominees of the artist-scenographer, costume designer, composer, choreographer (if necessary, also the assistant director, the artist in light, the director of the stage movement, fights and fights, the choirmaster, the author of the lyrics, etc. ) Proceeding from the total volume of works and prepared sketches, with the direct participation of the director, a financial estimate of the performance is made (including – for the production of the entire material part). At the same time, the director determines the performers (ie, produces distribution of roles) and assigns the assistant director who is responsible for the technical organization of the rehearsal and production process and fixing all stages of the work on the performance.
Then the director’s work is made up of several directions. On the one hand, it is the general coordination and control of the activities of all the members of the production group (with artists – the creation of a layout of scenery and sketch of costumes, with the composer – the definition of the general concept of musical composition of the play, with experts in the movement – the development of plastic score of the play, etc. ) The task of the director is to achieve the integrity of all components, combining them in a single creative decision. Therefore, every stage of the work of all the members of the stage group is the approval of the director. At the same time, the most important part of the preparation of the play begins – the rehearsals, the work of the director with the actors, aimed at developing the talent of performers in relation to each role and the whole production.
There is a steady expression in the theater: “The director dies in the actors.” In practice, this often means that in all the staging defects of the performance the director is blamed; for successful performances praise the artists. In fact, the success or failure of any of the components of the play (including all the acting work) is determined primarily by the director-director, the main driving force of the creative process and the main co-author of the performance. From this it is clear that the director should be not only a good organizer, but also possess the broadest erudition and skills of almost all theatrical professions – from the acting skills to the technological process of making scenery; from the thorough knowledge of the technical capabilities of the sound, lighting and montage equipment of the theater to economic literacy; from the virtuosic possession of the technique of communication and the ability to create a favorable psychological atmosphere in the staging collective for the practical skills of pedagogical and scientific activity necessary for studying the stage history of the chosen play and for working with the actors, etc.
Therefore, the university’s training and training of the director’s profession is made up of many disciplines that are essential for future work: the mastery of the director and actor; stage speech; dance; stage movement; the history of theater, literature, painting, music, dance and other arts; foundations of economics and psychology; theater part of the theater, etc.